The Framework

The Resilience Flower framework was developed in 2012 by Naomi Vandamme and Andrea Van Dommelen-Devadas. The working framework has its origin in the bio-ecological approach of Urie Bronfrenbrenner and the ecological resilience-oriented approach of Michael Ungar. The framework assumes that resilience arises as an interaction between child-related and environmental-related factors. This interactional process between person factors and contextual factors can result in resilience.

In the development of resilience, the subjective experience, cultural context and vision of the client plays a decisive factor in the cultivation of that resilience. For example, a young person, where there is domestic violence (the difficult event), can benefit from a school (micro-level organization) that focuses on emotional support and group cohesion (context-related resilience source). In a different situation, young people with ADHD can, in dealing with peer pressure (contextual risk factors), just draw strength from school performance (child-related resilience sources). It is important that we always start from the perspective of the child, young people or the family and together seek out circles of resilience, the so-called mutually influencing processes between the individual and his context. The work framework includes a number of child and context-related resilience sources that have been found to contribute to resilience. However, what components in dealing with certain risk factors or traumatic events, that cultivate resilience within a certain individual, depends on several factors linked to the person and its context. The working framework offers only some of these potentially resilience-related resources but forms a nice basis from which these sources are further discovered, cultivated and strengthened. For these reasons, the working framework is always open to additions.

At the moment, the working framework is already being worked on at various locations. For example, it was used in a group programs aimed at emotion regulation and resilience for children staying in a refugee care centres, a children’s and parent’s program aimed at refugee children staying in asylum centers, an individual program for parents and children victims of domestic violence and sexual abuse, group program for vulnerable children and orphans in Haiti, etc. In addition, the framework is used for various individual and family-oriented counseling. The working framework is currently being expanded nationally and internationally.

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